The terms Sex and Gender


Ann Oakley defines ‘sex’ as visible biological differences between men and women. Gender, however, a question of psychological, cultural and social classification ‘masculine “and” feminine “. Consider the idea of ​​sex as given by biologists, for them it is a dual meaning- the first differences between individuals and the other type of behavior that begins sexual reproduction. In purely genetic terms, a person with XY chromosomes will be called male and one with XX chromosomes, Female. Also the production of hormones lead to sexual distinction, we find the majority of the female sex hormones like estrogen and progesterone in healthy women, and the testosterone and androgens normal human. On reaching puberty effect of these respective hormones becomes more apparent. Also in terms of soma type (Body physique) are determined sex differences that are visible and accepted as standard in our society. With the examples of certain communities in Nigeria (malnutrition cases), America Western and European groups we can show that there appears to be interaction between biology at the cultural context of the sex determining chromosomes of secondary sex characteristics.

There is another category of proven difference is death, especially suicide associated with either mental illness or social circumstances. Elucidating the factors sex, everyday observation of society is enough to prove gender-based differences. The stereotypical characteristics associated with men are aggressive, courage and the ability to manage and optimize the external environment. Women on the other hand are more sensitive and perceptive in their relationships, cultivating emotional responsibility. This shows that biology alone can not account for the difference between the personalities of men and women. But Margaret Meed also describes certain communities that do not follow traditional notions of masculinity and femininity. For example, New Guinean tribe Arapesh has adult males show a gentle indifference, cherishing nature resembles ‘women’ in our culture. Many anthropologists believe that there is a certain degree of consistency between adult attitudes to life and techniques used in bringing the person concerned. The ‘social state’ ‘a child regardless of his / her sex plays an important role in shaping his / her gender identity in his / her mind. A cross-cultural social survey Barry Bacon and Child 110 communities based on ethnographic literature, was a big difference in the socialization of male and female children- boys were taught to be self-supporting, but the girls were trained to be subservient. More importantly, the differences in behavior between men and women inextricably linking them to different “social role” and the division of labor in society. For example, the roles of home-maker, reader children, nurse related to women and the role of bread-earner, rogue or criminal are associated with men.

Connecting arguments psychoanalysis, oral and aesthetic abilities of both sexes also always different intellectual and emotional detained men and women is not the same. The debate six-breed has been continuing for centuries now and aura of ‘nature’ that surrounds the gender differences in modern society comes to us not as a biological necessity, but simply from the beliefs that people hold about it, that there are inborn differences between the sexes, as differentiation increases social efficiency and differentiation is a natural law. Because of this reasoning society organized around sex based differences are not clear and the idea of ​​a society based on liberation from traditional gender roles is impossible. Sex is a powerful concept, that a number of race, class, age, economic, culture and the like. Correction of different consequences. According to Robert Stoller’s ” amount of subjective maleness or femaleness people ”. Susan Bason theorizes on the concepts of social roles and gender assessment. The younger dichotomy and communal broadcasting the yin (male) and the yan (female) are the gaps in today’s society. Skip variability relations between men and women across social groups presents itself as evidence against this crude biological determinist view. The social construction of gender, the notion that “anatomy is destiny” is also questioned and subverted by Simon de Beauvoir in a fantastic deeds’ second sex “. The functionalist ideas about gender roles preceded complementarity between March and they are from Venus. The distinction is not treated as ambiguous social concept. Judith Butler said using language concepts of performativity; masculinity and femininity are established in the normative and regulative way. These theoretical efforts help us to reduce solidarity between two highly charged critical factors and make us realize these governments permeate into all aspects of society and can not be analyzed in isolation. The stratification and classification of sex and gender inevitably cuts to form complex social settings can not be exhaustibly discussed.


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